All electrotherapy modalities (with the exception of biofeedback) involve the introduction of some physical energy into a biologic system. This energy brings about one or more physiological changes, which are used for therapeutic benefit.
What is the principle of electrotherapy?
Electrotherapy is the use of electrical energy as a medical treatment. In medicine, the term electrotherapy can apply to a variety of treatments, including the use of electrical devices such as deep brain stimulators for neurological disease.
What are the three different kinds of electrotherapy?
CLASSIFICATION OF ELECTROTHERAPEUTIC CURRENTS. Electric currents used in therapy are conventionally divided into three basic groups: galvanic current, pulse direct current and alternating current.
What is electrotherapy PDF?
Electrotherapy involves electric or magnetic stimulation of the human body in a range of therapeutic applications including pain alleviation.
What are the benefits of electrotherapy?
Depending on your medical or musculoskeletal condition, electrotherapy can offer several key benefits:
- Reduce nerve pain.
- Promote healing of musculoskeletal injuries.
- Have a non-invasive, drug-free pain control.
- Prevent muscle atrophy.
- Increase circulation for wound repair.
- Have a minimal to no side effects.
What is electrotherapy current?
Galvanic, or direct current, is a form of electrotherapy treatment. The electrical current, rectified to a safe, low-voltage level is applied to the body via electrodes placed on the skin. Galvanic current is usually applied by a qualified professional, via a machine in their clinic.
What is electrotherapy device?
Electrotherapy units usually consist of a battery-powered device connected by wires to adhesive electrode pads which are placed on the skin. The electrode pads are sticky, so they will adhere to the skin.
What are the approaches of electrotherapy?
Trends in Electrotherapy
Microcurrent therapy, extracorporeal shockwave therapy, low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) and some new radio frequency (RF) applications are currently an emerging group of EPAs.
What are the modalities used in electrotherapy what kind of current is each one?
What are the modalities used in electrotherapy? And what kind of current is each one? The primary modalities used in esthetics today are galvanic current,microcurrent and Tesla high frequency cuurent.
What is high frequency electrotherapy?
High-frequency treatment uses low-current high-frequency alternating currents, delivered via a glass electrode. Glass electrodes are often filled with either Neon gas which produces pink, orange, or red light or they are filled with Argon or rarefied gas which produces violet light.
What is frequency in electrotherapy?
Summary: Faradic current is a short-duration interrupted current, with a pulse duration ranging from 0.1 and 1 msec and a frequency of 50 to 100 Hz. Faradic currents are always surged for treatment purposes to produce a near normal tetanic-like contraction and relaxation of muscle.
When was electrotherapy first used?
ECT was invented in Italy in the late 1930s. Psychiatrists had already discovered that inducing seizures could relieve symptoms of mental illness.
What is low frequency electrotherapy?
Low-frequency electrotherapy (LFE) is a noninvasive approach of delivering surface electrical stimulation, representing a functional stimulation therapy. The LFE unit has been used in this institution since 2008.
What is the general contraindication for electrotherapy?
You should avoid electrical stimulation if you have: A change in tissue sensation. Impaired mental status. Presence of an implanted electrical device (the e-stim could interfere with pacemakers or implanted pain stimulators)6.
What are electrodes used for in physical therapy?
The electrodes attached to the skin deliver impulses that make the muscles contract. It is beneficial in increasing the patient’s range of motion and improves the circulation of the body. It is used in treating conditions like sprains, arthritis, back pain scoliosis and sciatica.
How long can you use electrotherapy?
You can safely use a TENS machine as often as you like. Usually for 30-60 minutes up to 4 times daily. TENS can provide relief for up to four hours.