Why is epilepsy a contraindication to electrotherapy?

TENS manufacturers list cardiac pacemakers, pregnancy, and epilepsy as contraindications because it may be difficult to exclude TENS as a potential cause of a problem from a legal perspective.

Can electrical stimulation cause seizures?

Do not apply electrodes to your head, neck or shoulders. The impulses could cause seizures. Deep vein thrombosis or thrombophlebitis. Do not use TENS therapy as it may increase blood circulation, which may increase the risk of dislodging a blood clot.

Can you use a TENS machine with epilepsy?

Don’t use a TENS machine if you have a pacemaker or other implanted electrical device. You should check with your physiotherapist that TENS is a safe option for your pain if you have epilepsy, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), heart problems, cancer or skin that is numb, irritated or fragile.

What modality is contraindicated for epilepsy?

Contraindications: UV therapy is contraindicated for treatment over eyes, skin cancer/malignancy, organ disease (heart, lung, kidneys), SLE, fevers, acute inflammation. LLLT also has contraindications for those with irradiation of the neck region in hyperhidrosis, seizure, epilepsy.

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What is the general contraindication for electrotherapy?

You should avoid electrical stimulation if you have: A change in tissue sensation. Impaired mental status. Presence of an implanted electrical device (the e-stim could interfere with pacemakers or implanted pain stimulators)6.

Are seizures a contraindication for electrical stimulation?

Epilepsy. Practitioners should be cautious when giving TENS to patients with epilepsy and should not apply electrodes to the neck or head. TENS-induced seizures in a post-stroke patient have been reported, so TENS should be used with care in these patients.

Can electrical stimulation cause nerve damage?

Generally, greater intensity, higher frequency, and longer pulse width stimulation lead to more severe damage in nerve cells (McCreery et al., 2004). In addition, although short-term electrical stimulation is not damaging to nervous tissue, chronic electrical stimulation can damage nerve structure.

Where should TENS pads not be placed?

Do not use TENS on:

  • Open wounds or rashes.
  • Swollen, red, infected, or inflamed skin.
  • Cancerous lesions, or close to them.
  • Skin that does not have normal sensation (feeling)
  • Any part of your head or face.
  • Any part of your throat.
  • Both sides of the chest or trunk at the same time.
  • Directly on your backbone.

Can a TENS unit be harmful?

TENS is generally regarded as safe. But it has risks just like any other medical procedure. For example, if the electrical current is too high or the electrodes are placed on the wrong part of the body, it can burn or irritate the skin. The “danger zones” include the brain, heart, eyes, genitals, and throat.

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Can a TENS unit repair nerve damage?

Studies show that TENS can help relieve pain from diabetic nerve damage, most commonly in the hands and feet. Spinal cord injury pain. At least three studies on TENS and spinal cord injury pain have shown improvements in this kind of pain, which is hard to treat.

Is diathermy contraindicated for seizures?

The following procedures are contraindicated for patients with DBS systems: diathermy (e.g., shortwave diathermy, microwave diathermy or therapeutic ultrasound diathermy), which can cause neurostimulation system or tissue damage and can result in severe injury or death; Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS); and …

What are the contraindications for using functional electrical stimulation?

Other contraindications are over any implantable electrical devices, like phrenic nerve stimulators, urinary bladder stimulators, pain pumps, ITB pumps, etc. If there is an area known peripheral vascular disease, thrombophlebitis, a known DVT or suspected DVT, you want to avoid Estim in that area.

When is electrotherapy used?

Electrotherapy has been used to address chronic pain and chronic fatigue in general, as well as: Diabetic nerve pain. Fibromyalgia. Migraine headaches.

What are 5 contraindications for electrotherapy?

NOTE: galvanic current is NOT recommended for clients with the following conditions – metal implants / pacemakers / braces, heart conditions, epilepsy, pregnancy, high blood pressure, chronic migraine headaches, diminished nerve sensibility due to diseases such as diabetes, fever or infection, open or broken skin ( …

What is the absolute contraindication for ECT?

ECT has no absolute contraindications. Many medical conditions place patients at an increased risk for complications and warrant closer monitoring, however.

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What are indications and contraindications of Faradic current?

Painful knee syndromes: › After trauma, there is inhibition of muscle contraction, leading to muscle atrophy. 26. Contraindications: Skin lesions: The current collects at that point causing pain. Certain dermatological conditions: Such as psoriasis, tinea and eczema.